Bursitis Knee Explained

 

Here we are going to discuss about Bursitis of knee.

bursitis of knee

Bursitis knee is inflammation of the bursa located near the knee joint. Bursa is a small pad-like, fluid-filled sac reduces cushions pressure points and friction between bones, tendons and muscles near joints.

Causes:-

  • Frequent falls on knee.
  • Complications from rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis in knee.
  • Sustained and frequent pressure.
  • Bacterial infection of bursitis.

Symptoms:-

  • Warm, squishy while touching.
  • Painful while moving the knee.

In most cases, knee bursitis results repetitive injuries like sustained in works that require lot of kneeling. So symptoms may begin gradually.

knee-bursitis

Risk factors:-

  • Excessive knelling like Housemaid’s knee (involves prepatellar bursa, located over the kneecap) and Vicar’s or Preacher’s knee (involves infrapatellar bursa, located below the kneecap).
  • Participation in certain sports like football, cricket increase risk.
  • Osteoarthritis and obesity of the patient (Anserine bursitis, affects the inner side of knee, often occurs in case of obese women with osteoarthritis)
  • Injured immune system (people have medical conditions like lupus, cancer, HIV/AIDS, have a greater change of infection)

Tests to diagnose:-.

  • Imaging tests-to find out the injuries, doctor may suggest the following imaging tests-
    • X-ray may be useful to find the tumor, bone fracture.
    • Magnetic resonance imaging produces a detailed image of structure by using radio waves and a strong magnetic field.
    • Ultrasound produces sound waves to take images in real time. It may be use for visualizing the swelling part of the bursa.
  • Aspiration-

If an infection is suspected in bursa, doctor may use a needle to collect the sample of the bursa fluid for testing.

Drugs and treatments:-

  • Medications
    • Corticosteroid injection

To reduce inflammation a corticosteroid drug might be directly injected into the affected bursa by the doctor.

    • Antibiotics

The doctors prescribe a course of antibiotic treatment if the knee has affected.

  • Therapy
    • Aspiration
    • Physical therapy may be referred by the doctoring sports medicine to improve flexibility by practicing right exercises.
  • · Surgery is prescribed when the patient has chronic bursitis knee.

Home remedies:-

  • Rest the patient’s knee by avoiding the movements,
  • To reduce the warm feeling of the knee, ice pack should be applied,
  • Using of a compressive wrap and elevation of knee by propping up legs are the best to reduce swelling,

Prevention:-

  • Wearing kneepads is necessary while working on knees or participating in sports may put the knees at risk. To avoid this padding is must.
  • Taking regular breaks while working for a long time.
 Posted by at 4:37 pm